As heir to the French throne, his older brothers having died before he was born, Charles had the title Dauphin of France. Bourbons ruled in Naples from to and in Sicily from toand in a unified Kingdom of the Two Sicilies from to Isabeau's fourth child, Joanwas born inand was married to John VI, Duke of Brittany inat an age of 5; they had children. As a Son of France, his actual surname was "de France". Jervis, A History of France:
Simplified family trees showing the relationships between the Bourbons and the other branches of the Royal House of France.
Mazarin continued the policies of Richelieu, bringing the Thirty Years' War to a successful conclusion in and defeating the nobility's challenge to royal absolutism in a series of civil wars known as the Frondes. Fleury was a peace-loving man who intended to keep France out of war, but circumstances presented themselves that made this impossible. Juan Count of Barcelona.
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