HodgesU. Louis ruled Missouri's ban unconstitutional. Retrieved March 1, The vote in California, on a ballot measure known as Proposition 8, was particularly notable since it overturned a May California Supreme Court ruling legalizing same-sex marriage in that state. New Jersey began issuing same-sex marriage licenses on October 21,following a September 27 state superior court decision that found an equal protection right of same-sex couples to marry. Because the District of Columbia is not a state, the legislation required congressional approval.
Retrieved January 1,
2009 in LGBT rights
Retrieved November 5, In West Virginiaon October 9, Governor Ray Tomblin announced he was ordering state agencies to act in compliance with the decision of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in ''Bostic v Schaefer'' on the unconstitutionality of same-sex marriage bans. Retrieved February 3, Congress, conservative lawmakers, with support from President George W. Archived from the original PDF on December 19, Retrieved November 20, On October 7,the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in two cases, overturning a district court in Nevada that had found that state's ban on same-sex marriage constitutional and affirming the decision of a district court in Idaho that had found that state's ban unconstitutional.
On May 15,the Supreme Court of California issued a decision that legalized same-sex marriage in California, holding that California's existing opposite-sex definition of marriage violated the constitutional rights of same-sex couples. It was approved by voters in the November elections. The amendment rejected in Minnesota banned only same-sex marriage. New Jersey began issuing same-sex marriage licenses on October 21,following a September 27 state superior court decision that found an equal protection right of same-sex couples to marry. District Courts and Courts of Appeals have found state bans on same-sex marriage unconstitutional, as have several state courts. Retrieved September 18, However, efforts to obtain the two-thirds majority needed in both houses to pass the amendment fell short in and again in